Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that causes a person to have high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood or hyperglycemia. Type 2 diabetes is the most common form.
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how you metabolize glucose. Your pancreas makes insulin, a hormone that moves glucose into your cells to be used as energy. Insulin lowers the amount of sugar in your blood stream. As your blood sugar lowers the pancreas slows its production and release of insulin.
Patients with type 2 diabetes initially have insulin resistance meaning your body resists the effects of insulin. In response, your pancreas produces more insulin to try to get the sugar into the cells. Eventually the pancreas cannot keep up and the glucose builds up in the blood.
The beta cells in the pancreas are responsible for producing insulin. They work harder and harder to produce enough insulin to move the sugar into the cells but eventually the beta cells begin to break down, sending the wrong amount of insulin at the wrong time. Overtime your beta cells may wear out completely and are no longer able to produce any insulin.
Glucose or sugar is the main source of energy for your cells. Glucose comes from food and is also produced in your liver.
Your liver stores and produces glucose. When your body needs more sugar, it signals the liver to produce and send out more glucose keeping your blood sugar within a normal range.
After you eat, the sugar from the food is used and the liver slows down the production of sugar and stores any excess sugar from the food you ate. This system can malfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes and the liver will continue to send sugar into the blood stream. Too much sugar in the blood is called hyperglycemia.
Many patients with type 2 diabetes will also have metabolic syndrome. A medical term used to describe a group of conditions including; hyperglycemia, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and high triglycerides.
Serious complications caused by type 2 diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes cannot be reversed with the current standard of care therapies.
Researchers have shown mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential to treat many chronic diseases, including type 2 diabetes.
MSCs have the ability to differentiate, self-renew, suppress the immune system, reduce inflammation, repair tissue, and are considered an ideal candidate for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.1
Mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to:
The Stem Cells Transplant Institute uses mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Mesenchymal stem cells have several advantages over other types of stem cells because they have, the ability to migrate to sites of tissue injury, a strong immunosuppressive effect, and better safety after infusion.2,3
For optimal results, the Stem Cells Transplant Institute recommends a one-day treatment with human umbilical cord stem cells (hUC-MSCs) for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Autologous stem cells from your own adipose tissue or bone marrow can be used if the patient prefers. Both treatments will include the following:
Mesenchymal stem cells are a promising treatment for diabetes mellitus. Treatment at the Stem Cells Transplant Institute may improve the symptoms and long-term complications of type 2 diabetes.
Umbilical cord stem cells:
We use only umbilical cord stem cells that are derived exclusively from umbilical cord donations.
The umbilical cord stem cells from are collected after informed consent has been given by the parent, or parents, and only after the delivery of the baby.
The collection follows strict ethical protocols ensuring the stem cells are from safe, reliable sources using a non-invasive, simple and painless procedure. Once collected, the cored blood is then screened for disease.
Autologous bone marrow and adipose tissue derived stem cells:
A team of stem cell experts developed an FDA approved method and protocol for harvesting and isolating adipose derived stem cells for autologous reimplantation.
The stem cells are administered intravenously.
Costa Rica has one of the best healthcare systems in world and is ranked among the highest for medical tourism. Using the most advanced technologies, the team of experts at The Stem Cells Transplant Institute believes in the potential of stem cell therapy for the treatment of diabetes. We are committed to providing personalized service and the highest quality of care to every patient.