Stem cells news

Stem cells

Mutations in Stem Cell Transplants

Introduction Stem cell transplants are an important part of healthcare. Physicians and researchers use them to treat many different conditions, like autoimmune diseases, cancers, blood disorders, and many other diseases. A new study raises the possibility that stem cell donors are passing along mutations to recipients. This may have long-standing implications for different recipients. Stem Cell Uses Overview Stem cells are a naturally occurring cell in the body that can turn into many different other types of cell lines. Stem cells can be used for aging, diseases of the nervous system, cardiovascular diseases, autoimmune diseases, cancer, and many more conditions.

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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Stem Cell Trials vs. Best Current Medication

Introduction Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that affects 2.3 million people worldwide. Current treatment is expensive and limited, but new research is being done every day. One promising trial sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) compares stem cell experimental therapies to current treatments. Multiple Sclerosis Overview Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease that affects the central nervous system. This means that the body attacks its own nervous cells, causing them to degenerate. It affects women more than men, Caucasian people more than other races, and people in hotter climates than colder climates. Symptoms

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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Overview

Multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that affects many people in different ways. Its cause, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment are all complicated. Scientists believe the disease is caused by a variety of factors. To understand the best diagnosis and treatment is important to understand the cause and symptoms of the disease. What is Multiple Sclerosis and what causes it? Multiple sclerosis, otherwise known as MS, is a chronic, degenerative immune-mediated inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Scientists are not entirely sure of the exact cause. It is characterized by the inflammation, demyelination, and axonal degeneration of the central nervous

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Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple Sclerosis Causes

For many patients, multiple sclerosis is a chronic disease that they live with but of which they understand very little. It is a chronic disease that has a variety of symptoms that are unique to the individual. The exact origin is not well understood, but scientists believe the disease is caused by a variety of factors. New research into the subject has revealed new insights into the cause, such as location, vitamins, and microbiota. Health professionals hope that this new insight will help find new avenues of treatment. Multiple Sclerosis Overview Multiple sclerosis, otherwise known as MS, is a chronic,

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Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder and Nutrition

Autism spectrum disorder is a developmental disorder that encompasses many previously delineated disorders. It is characterized by a deficit in social interaction, communication, and repetitive stereotyped behavior, interest, and activities. For some patients, diagnosis is made early. For others, diagnosis is difficult. Treatment is based on the individual. Some more recent research focuses on the microbiome and nutrition might point towards innovative treatment options. Autism Spectrum Disorder Causes and Symptoms Autism, as stated above, is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which people have difficulties processing social interactions and communications. The exact cause is unknown, but scientists believe it is partially genetic

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Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder Diets

Many people with many different medical conditions have gastrointestinal symptoms. One condition that people may not associated with gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms is Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD is a developmental disorder that encompasses a deficit in social interaction, communication, and repetitive stereotyped behavior, interest, and activities. Standard treatment is a broad-based strategy. New evidence shows that certain diets may help improve some of the GI symptoms found in ASD patients. Autism Spectrum Disorder Overview Autism, as stated above, is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by difficulties processing social interactions and communication. Scientists believe it is partly genetic in nature and partly

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Autism

Genetics of Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a complicated condition with an unknown cause and no definitive treatment. Scientists believe that ASD is in part genetically inherited in addition to environmental factors. In fact, hundreds of gene variants have been linked to autism, but their consequences are highly variable and some are related to other syndromes. New advancements in genetics research suggest that there may genetic causes that physicians are able to target now. What is autism? Autism is a disorder that is characterized by difficulty with social interaction, emotional processing, and sensory processing. As a spectrum disorder, some patients are high-

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Autism

Symptoms and Challenges of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that it can present with a variety of symptoms with varying severity. Every person is different, which can present some challenges with treatment. What is Autism? Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disorder in which people have difficulty processing sensory input and social interactions. Many syndromes and disorders that used to be classified as separate now belong to ASD. These include autistic disorder, Asperger, childhood disintegrative disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified. Scientists have not found the exact cause of ASD. They believe it is in part genetic, but they also believe that

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Autism

The Use of Stem Cells in Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a condition that describes difficulty with sensory processing and social interaction. It can be directly related to another medical disorder or have no clear cause. With no clear cause, there is also no clear treatment. Scientists have been researching stem cells, how they can be used to model the disorder, and how they may be used to treat the disorder. What is ASD? ASD is a neurodevelopmental disorder categorized by difficulty with sensory processing and social interaction. As a spectrum disorder, patients can present very differently. Scientists are not certain as to the exact cause.

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Autism

Alternative Therapies in Autism

Autism is a spectrum disorder, the symptoms of which include persistent impairment in communication and social interactions in addition to stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests, and activities. This disorder encompasses what once used to be many different disorders. Just like there is no one particular cause, there is no one particular treatment. Many people have created different alternative treatments that many people with ASD have found to be effective. What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a disorder the includes a wide variety of symptoms. People with ASD have difficulties with communication and social interaction in addition

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Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus

When most people think of diabetes, they think of Diabetes Mellitus. Millions of people are affected by Diabetes Mellitus (DM). DM affects multiple organ systems, and, untreated, has many consequences. The focus of the medical community has been both prevention and treatment. New, innovative, treatment options are in the development stage. What is diabetes mellitus? There are multiple times of diabetes. The word ‘diabetes’ comes from Ancient Greek. It means “to pass through” or “siphon.” There is Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus Type 1 and Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. Diabetes Mellitus is a disorder of the pancreas and insulin. Both types

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Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus Treatment Options

Diabetes Mellitus (DM) is a disease that affects millions of people. Both types of diabetes, Type I and Type II, cause elevated levels of blood sugar. However, the causes of both are different, and therefore the treatments are different. Despite multiple treatment options, DM can be difficult to treat. There is new research trying to find innovative options for patients suffering from uncontrolled diabetes. What are the consequences of untreated diabetes? Untreated DM can be devastating. The elevated blood sugar, called glucose, can put patients at higher risk for infections. These infections can affect the lungs, skin, teeth, and genitourinary

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COPD

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, also known as COPD, is a very common diagnosis after the era of tobacco smoking. It is a preventable disease that causes difficulty breathing due to airway inflammation. Patients’ lives are disrupted by COPD, and there is no real cure. New research is being done into alternative therapies, but there is still yet work to be done. What is COPD? COPD is a chronic lung disease caused almost entirely by inhaling toxins. There is a small subset of COPD that is genetic, but the majority of cases are caused by smoking tobacco products (90%) or inhaling

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Autism

Autism and Nerve Cells

Autism, a disorder that involves impairment in social interactions and communication, affects millions of people, and the number is growing. The cause of autism is still unknown, and therefore its treatment is unknown. However, new discoveries in science are illuminating how the brains of people with autism are different than neurotypical brains. New research has found that neurons in people with autism are different from others’ neurons. Autism Overview Autism, as stated above, is a neurodevelopmental disorder in which people process social interactions and communications differently. While the cause is unknown, this disorder is highly inheritable. Symptoms include reduced eye

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Lupus

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Introduction Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disease. The exact cause is still unknown, and the severity can vary person-to-person. Because the cause is still unknown, treatment is still difficult. Research is ongoing to develop better treatment options. What is SLE? SLE is an autoimmune disease that affects multiple organ systems. While the exact cause is still unknown, scientists believe it is related to genetic, hormonal, and environmental factors. In particular, the genes HLA-DR2 and HLA-DR3 are commonly present in people with SLE. Certain proteins, like C1q, C2, and C4 are also deficient in 10% of people with SLE.

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Lupus

Stem Cell Therapies for Lupus

Introduction Lupus, formally known as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), is an autoimmune disease. The exact cause is unknown, and current treatments vary in regards to success. Current research is ongoing to determine the best treatment options. Stem cells have shown some promise in their early stages. The research is still in its beginning stages, and more research is needed to shed more light on the issue. What is Systemic Lupus Erythematosus? SLE is an autoimmune disorder, more commonly known as lupus. It can affect multiple organ systems and varies person-to-person. While the exact cause is unknown, it is believed that

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Rotator Cuff

Rotator Cuff Injuries and Stem Cell Transplants

Introduction The rotator cuff is one of the most important musculoskeletal regions because it stabilizes the shoulder joint. The shoulder is prone to injury, which can occur either suddenly or over time. Many people with rotator cuff injuries are restricted from doing activities they used to. The treatments are variable, ranging from conservative pain management to a full-blown reconstruction. There is new evidence that stem cells may be useful in managing rotator cuff injuries. What is the rotator cuff and how can it be injured? The rotator cuff is made up of the tendons of 4 muscles: the supraspinatus, infraspinatus,

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Rotator Cuff

Rotator Cuff Injuries

Introduction The rotator cuff is one of the most important stabilizing musculoskeletal regions. Because it is responsible for stabilizing the shoulder joint, it gets a lot of use, which can lead to injury. Those Rotator cuff tears vary in severity, from a mild inconvenience to a debilitating injury. The treatments vary with the severity, and there is new research suggesting that stem cell therapy may be very useful. What is the rotator cuff? The rotator cuff is made up of the tendons of 4 muscles. Those muscles are the supraspinatus, infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis. These muscles insert on the

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Myocardial Infarction

Hypertension and Heart Attacks

Hypertension, also known as high blood pressure, can cause lasting damage. Most people do not realize how serious this condition may be. It can cause strokes or heart attacks. While there are stem cell therapies that may be useful to treat strokes or heart attacks, the most important intervention is prevention. What is high blood pressure? Hypertension is when the force of blood running through your arteries is too high. It can cause lasting damage to the walls of these vessels. Over time, this damage can change how blood flows to organs and therefore cause damage to the organs themselves.

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Osteoarthritis

Common Knee Injuries and Osteoarthritis

As people get older, one of their biggest complaints is aching joints, particularly their knees. Painful knees making walking difficult and can severely limit a person’s mobility. One cause of joint pain is arthritis. There are some ways to prevent arthritis, but first it is important to understand how it develops. What is the anatomy of the knee? It is important to understand the anatomy of the knee in order to understand its function and its dysfunction. The knee is one of the major joints of the body. It is called a joint because it is where two major bones

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ALS

ALS: Mesenchymal Stem Cell Treatments in Rodents

What is ALS? Many people have heard of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS. It is a devastating neurodegenerative disease that affects strength and movement. ALS affects the neurons connect our brain to the rest of our body and control movement. In ALS, the neurons break down. While it can be genetic 10% of the time, 90% of the time it is spontaneous. The exact cause of the disease is unknown, which makes it difficult to treat.  What are the treatment options? Treatment normally includes includes physical therapy, speech therapy, social work, nursing, and other resources. There is only

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What is ALS - Stem Cells Treatment
ALS

What is ALS?

Many people have heard of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, also known as ALS. This disease was originally made famous by Lou Gehrig, and more recently by the Ice Bucket Challenge. It is a neurodegenerative disease that affects strength and movement. Our movement is controlled by neurons. Neurons connect our brain to the rest of our body. In ALS, the neurons break down.  This can be caused by genetics, but it is much more often spontaneous. The exact cause of the disease is unknown, which makes it difficult to treat. What are the early symptoms? Everyone experiences ALS differently, especially when the

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multiple sclerosis stem cells treatment in costa rica
Multiple Sclerosis

Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplants in Multiple Sclerosis

The Nervous System The body is filled with billions of nerves. Some of them travel from the brain, to muscles and skin, and then back again to the brain. Some of the nerves are covered in a myelin sheath. Myelin is a mixture of proteins and other compounds. It forms a kind of insulation around the nerve. This causes the information conducted through the nerves to travel faster. Without a myelin sheath, the information travels very slowly, or not at all. This can result in changes in vision, difficulty moving, weakness, or numbness. What is Multiple Sclerosis? Multiple Sclerosis, also

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Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells
Stem cells

Researchers Review the “Biological Properties and Therapeutic Potential” of Wharton’s Jelly Mesenchymal Stem Cells (MSCs)

Researchers from Italy conducted a literature review of 83 articles about the biological properties and therapeutic potential of mesenchymal stem cells derived from Wharton’s Jelly of the human umbilical cord, and published the key learnings in 2019 in the International Journal of Stem Cells.1 The following is a summary of their findings. You can access the full article at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6657936/ Studies indicated WJ-MSCs could be used to treat:1-7 Neurological disorders Kidney injury Lung injury Orthopedic injury Liver injury Certain cancers The Following Properties Make WJ-MSCs Optimal Candidates for Allogenic Transplant1 WJ-MSCs have potent regenerative and immunomodulatory capabilities WJ-MSCs are capable

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Stem cells

Is Michael Schumacher Receiving Stem Cell Treatment?

The French daily newspaper, Le Parisien, reported the Formula One legend, Michael Schumacher is receiving stem cell therapy at the Georges-Pompidou Hospital in Paris, France. Michael Schumacher suffered a traumatic brain injury after a devastating ski accident six years ago. Michael Schumacher, a retired German racing driver, is a seven-time Formula One champion, Ferrari’s most successful Formula One driver, and considered by many to be the greatest Formula One racer of all time. On December 29, 2013, Schumacher was skiing in the French Alps with his son when he sustained a traumatic brain injury after hitting his head on a

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Stem Cells for Cerebral Artery Ischemic Stroke
Stem cells

Clinical Trial Shows Human Umbilical Cord Blood to be Safe for the Treatment of Cerebral Artery Ischemic Stroke

A hallmark clinical study by physicians at Duke University and the University of Texas, published in Stem Cells Translational Medicine in 2018, showed IV infusion of human umbilical cord stem cells to be safe for the treatment of Cerebral Artery Ischemic Stroke.1 More than 85% of all strokes are ischemic strokes. Ischemic stroke is one of three types of stroke and occurs when the artery that supplies blood to the brain is blocked, reducing blood flow and oxygen to the brain. If blood circulation is not restored quickly, permanent brain damage occurs. Ischemic stroke can cause death or long-term disability

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Cardiovascular

The Benefits of Allogeneic Mesenchymal Stem Cells for the Treatment of Cardiovascular and Neurodegenerative Disease

Mesenchymal stem cells are multipotent stromal cells that have the ability to differentiate, or become, a variety of cell types, including bone cells, cartilage cells, fat cells, and muscle cells. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are ideal for treating many kinds of injuries and disease, and can be derived from many different kinds of tissue including; bone marrow, adipose tissue, cord blood and cord tissue. Studies have been conducted using MSC derived from each of the different types of tissue and there is a lot of debate about what type of MSC is best for the treatment of different conditions. Most

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Rheumatoid Arthritis

Antibiotics May Increase the Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis by 60%

Previous research has suggested that antibiotics may increase the risk of developing inflammatory bowel disease and autoimmune diseases such as type 1 diabetes and autoimmune liver disease, so researchers decided to asses if antibiotic use is associated with the onset of rheumatoid arthritis.1 Microbiota or bacteria, live in various parts of the human body including the skin (skin microbiota), the mouth (oral microbiota) and the intestinal tract (gut microbiota). Our intestines contain tens of trillions of microorganisms including more than 1000 different types of bacteria. These microorganisms play and integral part in keeping our metabolism and immune system functioning at

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Degenerative Spine Disease

Stem Cell Therapy: The Future for Degenerative Spine Disease

Degenerative disease of the lumbar spine is a primary cause of disability worldwide affecting at least 266 million people each year. Degenerative disease of the lumbar spine is an umbrella term used to describe different types of back pain including spondylolisthesis, spinal stenosis and disc degeneration.1,2 Degenerative disc disease in a condition in which damage to the spinal disc causes pain that can range from nagging to disabling and is the second leading cause of opioid prescriptions in the United States. For patients with severe degenerative disease, surgery may be considered as a treatment option, but surgery is invasive, risky,

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Stem cells

Wharton Jelly Stem Cells for the Treatment of Chronic Diabetic Skin Wounds

Results, of a study published in the Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology in May, 2019, showed human umbilical cord derived Wharton’s jelly mesenchymal stem cells can accelerate the repair and healing of chronic skin ulcers. Diabetic skin ulcers are painful, slow to heal, and require medical attention. Consistently high levels of blood sugar cause nerve and blood vessel damage, reduce circulation, and alter the skin’s structure causing harmless wounds to become open sores called diabetic ulcers. If left untreated, diabetic skin ulcers can become infected causing tissue death and ultimately require amputation. A diabetic ulcer is an open sore or wound

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