Diabetes mellitus is a group of diseases that causes a person to have high levels of sugar (glucose) in the blood, or hyperglycemia. Diabetes is sometimes referred to as the “silent killer” because it can progress slowly and without warning. Hyperglycemia or high levels of blood sugar damage the blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes and nervous system leading to heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, kidney failure and blindness.
Diabetes is sometimes referred to as the “silent killer” because it can progress slowly and without warning. Patients with diabetes have hyperglycemia, or high levels of blood sugar, that damages the blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes and nervous system leading to cardiovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, kidney failure and blindness.
Diabetes is sometimes referred to as the “silent killer” because it can progress slowly and without warning. It is a common condition worldwide, but because the symptoms may present slowly or not at all, many people are not aware they have it. Once they are diagnosed, patients may still not be concerned about the disease because their symptoms are mild; however, hyperglycemia, or high levels of blood sugar, damages the blood vessels in the kidneys, heart, eyes and nervous system leading to heart disease, peripheral arterial disease, kidney failure, and blindness.
Working overtime is good for the wallet but may be bad for your health. A study published in the British Medical Journal Diabetes Research and Care found that women who work 45 hours or more a week have an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes when compared to women who work 35 to 40 hours.
Scientists found that people considered vitamin D deficient were at five times greater risk of developing type II diabetes. Diabetes mellitus type 2 is a serious, chronic, metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and lack of insulin. Serious complications caused by type 2 diabetes include, organ damage, heart attack, stroke, blindness and kidney failure.
Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. Type II diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how glucose is metabolized; initially a person with type 2 diabetes will still produce insulin, but his or her cells no longer use the insulin correctly, resulting in spiked blood sugar levels. A person diagnosed with type II diabetes needs to carefully monitor their diet, however, a new study shows they may also need to carefully monitor when they eat.
Recent studies show; (1) Onset of type 1 diabetes is equally likely to occur after age 30 as prior to age 30 and, (2) the risk of developing one or more additional autoimmune diseases increases with age of onset of type 1 diabetes. The results of these studies are significant because patients that present with type 1 diabetes after the age of 30 may be misdiagnosed as having type 2 diabetes and typically do not receive insulin, the necessary treatment for type 1 diabetes. Additionally, patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes after the age of 30, are at an increased risk of developing one or more additional autoimmune diseases.
Each year diabetes kills approximately 80,000 people in the United States and in 2017, the American Diabetes Association estimated that 7.2 million Americans have diabetes but don’t know it. Diabetes is one of the diseases called a “silent killer” because it can develop without obvious signs so it is important to know what the early warning signs are.
The International Diabetes Federation, in partnership with the pharmaceutical company, Novo Nordisk, is conducting the first global online survey of patients living with type 2 diabetes, to evaluate their awareness and knowledge of cardiovascular risk.
Approximately 425 million people worldwide suffer from diabetes, a major cause of blindness, kidney failure, heart attacks, stroke and lower limb amputation. According to the World Health Organization, in 2015, an estimated 1.6 million deaths were directly caused by diabetes. Diabetes is a challenging disease to treat but stem cell therapy offers hope to the millions of people living with diabetes. Stem cell research in North America has been slow to advance, but globally a large number of new studies are published each year.
Type 1 Diabetes is a common life-long condition and globally the number of children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes is increasing. For patients diagnosed with type 1 diabetes it means living with daily insulin injections and a high risk of long-term health problems as a result.
What is diabetes mellitus and how can stem cells be used?
The global incidence of diabetes mellitus has increased dramatically over the past few years and continues to rise. The quest for curative therapies, that normalize blood sugar levels and provide independence from exogenous insulin therapies, impacts patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. As a source of insulin producing cells, stem cells help us understand the disease better and hold tremendous potential for treatment. Researchers are looking for ways to diagnose people earlier, prevent their diabetes from getting worse, and to more effectively treat the disease.