About Stem Cell Treatments

Stem cell therapy is a type of treatment option that uses a patients’ own stem cells or the stem cells from a donor to repair damaged tissue or repair injuries. Stem Cell Therapy (SCT) is used to treat various disorders from non-serious to life threatening. The stem cells can be procured from a lot of different sources and used to potentially treat more than 80 disorders, including neuromuscular and degenerative disorders.

Therapy using stem cells from various sources, including those from bone marrow and umbilical cord, have been successfully used to treat a number of life threatening diseases with good results, since 1988. Over the past few years, with an increased focus on research and development, a growing number of successful stem cell treatments have emerged and it has become one of the most exciting fields of medicine. The Stem Cells Transplant Institute uses government approved stem cell therapy to treat; Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis (OA), knee injury, osteoporosis, myocardial infarction, and multiple sclerosis, lupus, neuropathy, myocardial infarction, cardiovascular disease, aging and erectile dysfunction.

Stem cells, characteristics and properties

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Stem cell therapies are expected to bring substantial benefit to patients suffering from a wide range of diseases and injuries. Stem cells offer great hope for treating disease by providing an unlimited source of cells for repairing, or replacing damaged tissue.

  1. Stem cells can become the specific type of cell needed to repair damaged tissue; for example, stem cells can become heart, muscle, liver, bone, cartilage or brain cells.
  2. They are referred to as “unspecialized” cells which means they can be removed from one part of the body and inserted into a different part of the body that is damaged.
  3. Stem cells contain growth factors and can accelerate healing
  4. Stem cells can reduce inflammation reducing pain without the need for pain medication
  5. Stem cells reproduce quickly and for long periods of time

The belief, that there exists an undifferentiated cell, which can be programmed into another type of cell, forms the basis of stem cell biology. Today, stem cell treatments have become a reality. The capability of stem cells to regenerate organs and tissues opens a wide spectrum of treatment possibilities for many diseases that are considered incurable including; Parkinson’s disease, Alzheimer´s disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, knee injury, osteoporosis, myocardial infarction, and multiple sclerosis.

Classification of stem cells

The Stem Cells Transplant Institute uses adult autologous mesenchymal stem cells derived from adipose tissue.

Stem cells come from two main sources; embryonic stem cells and adult stem cells.  Adult stem cells do not require the destruction of an embryo and their collection and use in research is not controversial. Adult stem cells are undifferentiated totipotent or multipotent cells, found throughout the body after embryonic development.

Stem cells are also classified based on where they are collected from; allogenic stem cells are collected from the same species, xenogeneic stem cells are collected from a different species, and autologous stem cells are collected from the intended recipient.

Stem cells can be classified by the extent to which they can differentiate into different cell types. These four main classifications are totipotent, pluripotent, multipotent, or unipotent. Mesenchymal stem cells, or MSCs, are multipotent stromal cells that can differentiate into a variety of cell types, including: osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells), myocytes (muscle cells) and adipocytes (fat cells).

The Stem Cells Transplant Institute uses adipose derived stem cells removed from either the patient’s abdomen or thigh and placed in a centrifuge machine that spins them very quickly, concentrating the stem cells and growth factors.