A myocardial infarct, also called a heart attack or MI, is a life-threatening emergency, and occurs when the blood supply to the heart is suddenly blocked. “Myo” means muscle, “cardial” means relating to the heart, and “infarct” is a small localized area of dead tissue resulting from failure of blood supply.
The Stem Cells Transplant Institute offers a safe, non-surgical treatment for the repair of the ischemic damage that occurs from a heart attack.
Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of heart attacks. Coronary artery disease is the buildup of plaque, causing a narrowing or blocking the blood vessels in the coronary arteries.
Coronary arteries carry oxygen rich blood to the heart. Plaque is caused by the presence of cholesterol, calcium, fat, and other substances in the blood.
When plaque builds up in the blood vessels it narrows the arteries causing them to harden and weaken, reducing the amount of oxygen rich blood to the heart.
If the plaque building up in the coronary arteries breaks, a blood clot forms around the plaque. If the clot cuts off the blood flow to the heart muscle completely, the heart muscle is unable to get the necessary oxygen and nutrients causing a part of the heart muscle to die.
The result is a heart attack or myocardial infarction.
It takes about 6-8 weeks for the heart to heal the damaged area.
A scar will form where the damage occurred and that area will no longer contract, reducing the heart’s ability to pump.
How severely the heart is permanently damaged depends on the location and size of the scar.
Stem cell transplantation uses healthy cells to promote the repair of damaged cells and regeneration of healthy and functional cells to repair injured tissue.1
The therapeutic effect of stem cell transplantation in patients following a heart attack may be due to the paracrine effect.
The theory is transplanted stem cells repair damaged tissue by releasing factors that promote regeneration of healthy stem cells, reduce inflammation, promote the growth of new blood vessels, inhibit cell death, and reduce hypertrophy.1
According to Clincialtrials.gov (https://clinicaltrials.gov), currently there are more than 90 trials evaluating stem cell therapy for the treatment of myocardial infarction.
Initial research using mesenchymal stem cell transplantation shows stem cell therapy can:
Adipose derived stem cells improve left ventricular function, promote angiogenesis, lower fibrosis, and decrease inflammation.
Several months following treatment, stem cells continue to migrate to the heart muscle regenerating and renewing healthy heart function.
Stem cell therapy cannot help all patients, but for many patients stem cell therapy combined with lifestyle modification may be a safe, effective, non-surgical alternative treatment.
Lifestyle changes that can help reduce the risk of a second heart attack:
For optimal results, the Stem Cells Transplant Institute recommends the use of hUC-MSCs for the treatment of MI.
If the patient prefers, autologous mesenchymal stem cells derived from the patient’s own adipose tissue and bone marrow, can also be used to treat myocardial infarction.
Umbilical cord stem cells
We use only umbilical cord stem cells that are derived exclusively from umbilical cord donations.
The umbilical cord stem cells from are collected after informed consent has been given by the parent, or parents, and only after the delivery of the baby.
The collection follows strict ethical protocols ensuring the stem cells are from safe, reliable sources using a non-invasive, simple and painless procedure. Once collected, the cord blood is then screened for disease.
Autologous adipose and bone marrow stem cells
On the day of the procedure, under local anesthesia and sterile conditions, a small sample of bone marrow is removed from the hip and a small of amount of adipose tissue (fat) is removed from the abdomen.
The stem cells are administered intravenously.
Costa Rica has one of the best healthcare systems in world and is ranked among the highest for medical tourism.
Using the most advanced technologies, the team of experts at The Stem Cells Transplant Institute believes in the potential of stem cell therapy for the treatment of myocardial infarction.
We are committed to providing personalized service and the highest quality of care to every patient.
Contact us to see if stem cell therapy may be a treatment option for you.