Type II diabetes is the most common form of diabetes, affecting more than 400 million people worldwide. Type II diabetes is a chronic disease that affects how glucose is metabolized; initially a person with type 2 diabetes will still produce insulin, but his or her cells no longer use the insulin correctly, resulting in spiked blood sugar levels. A person diagnosed with type II diabetes needs to carefully monitor their diet, however, a new study shows they may also need to carefully monitor when they eat.
The results of a study published in Diabetic Medicine in April, showed people with Type II diabetes who eat breakfast later, are more likely to have a higher Body Mass Index (BMI). The body mass index (BMI) is a measure of body fat based on your weight in relation to your height; a higher BMI is strongly associated with more severe disease and decreased quality of life.
Researchers in Thailand recruited 210 non-shift workers with type 2 diabetes and had them self-report whether they are at their breakfast in the morning or evening and answer questions about lunch and dinner meal timing as well as questions about what they ate. In addition, researchers measured the participants’ weight and BMI. Participants that preferred an earlier meal time (between 7 a.m. and 8:30 a.m.) had a lower BMI than those that preferred a later meal time (between 7:30 a.m. and 9 a.m.). Caloric intake and lunch and dinner times were not associated with a higher BMI.
This is an observational study and direct causation cannot be made but the researchers believe the later meal time may misalign the internal biological clock which plays a role in circadian regulation. Insulin levels and the levels of hormones that work against insulin are influenced by the circadian rhythm. Previous research has suggested that a disruption of the circadian rhythm can disrupt blood glucose control in people with diabetes.
A higher body mass index and poor glucose control increases your risk of type II diabetes and of developing serious complications caused by the disease, including:
- Organ damage, including damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes, blood vessels and nerves
- Heart attack and/or stroke
- Foot ulcers, infection and limb amputation
- Kidney failure
Stem cell treatment at the Stem Cells Transplant Institute in Costa Rica could help improve the symptoms of type II diabetes. The experts at the Stem Cells Transplant Institute use autologous mesenchymal stem cells for the treatment of type II diabetes. Researchers have shown mesenchymal stem cells have the ability to:
- Differentiate into insulin producing cells
- Regenerate and protect pancreatic cells
- Restore beta cell function and mass
- Convert alpha cells to beta cells
- Reduce inflammation and insulin resistance
The professionals at the Stem Cells Transplant Institute believe in the power of stem cell therapy. Contact us today to learn more.
According to the CDC the following cities have the highest rates of type II diabetes; Brownsville, TX; Pharr, TX; Laredo, TX; Compton, CA; Lynwood, CA; Albany GA; Edinburg, TX; and South Gate, CA. Individuals from California, Texas and Georgia can access daily direct flights to Costa Rica out of Los Angeles, Houston, Dallas and Atlanta.