Fat Derived Stem Cells vs Bone Marrow Derived Stem Cells

Did you know your own body fat and bone marrow contains a large amount of stem cells? Bone Marrow and Adipose tissue contain adult stem cells, these cells are thought to be “mother cells” found among differentiated tissue or organ. The adult stem cell can renew itself and can differentiate to almost all of the major specialized cell types. The primary roles of adult stem cells are to maintain and repair the tissue in which they are found.

Research on adult stem cells has generated a great deal of excitement. Scientists now have evidence that stem cells exist in many other tissues like the adipose tissue, brain and hearth; thanks to these findings investigators and clinicians are studying the use of stem cells in transplant. Both marrow and fat derived stem cells are effective and have the potential to differentiate into mature functional tissues.

Adult hematopoietic stem cells from bone marrow have been widely used in transplants for more than 40 years. Stem Cells Transplant Institute in Costa Rica specializes in the use of stem cells derived from bone marrow and adipose tissue, to treat many inflammatory and degenerative diseases. These cells are taken from your own tissue, so the security is very high and the possibilities of rejection are almost null.

But, Which kind of stem cells are actually better?

At Stem Cells Transplant Institute in Costa Rica, this is a question we receive from our patients, and we understand that anyone considering receiving stem cell treatment will want to choose the option that promises the best results. However, most patients are surprised to learn that in terms of clinical results, there is no evidence to substantiate significant difference between the use of bone marrow derived cells or fat derived cells, the clinical outcome for both is practically the same.

It´s important to mention that fat derived cells are based on more recent discoveries, so there are fewer studies using these cells although there are some advantages depending on the treated disease, due to the profound anti-inflammatory effects. Another important advantage is their abundance, fat tissue contains hundreds, even thousands of times more stem cells than bone marrow and therefore there is no need for culturing.

At Stem Cells Transplant Institute, Dr Mesen will guide you to your best option. Although clinically, the outcomes are very similar, there are some differences in the extraction, cell preparation, deployment and recovery according to the cell type.

Regarding to the extraction, in the case of stem cells removed from bone marrow the surgical procedure must be performed under general anesthesia, and the process involves inserting a needle into the hipbone to extract the stem cells. In the case of stem cells removed from fat, the procedure is performed under local anesthesia. The process involves a mini-liposuction to obtain patient´s own fat usually from the abdominal or flank area. The extraction is relatively painless and its performed in a short period of time.

With respect to the cell preparation, bone marrow stem cells need first to be cultured over several days to be delivered into the patient, while stem cells isolated form fat uses a technology that yields a high number of viable stem cells and can be used almost immediately.

Talking about cell delivery into the patient, stem cells obtained from bone marrow are injected through arteries, veins, into spinal fluid, directly into joints or organs or subcutaneously. Stem cells obtained from fat, are deployed back into the patient’s body directly into joints or intravenously.

Finally, we can find differences in the recovering process, downtime from stem cell therapy using bone marrow extraction can take several weeks, while patients who receive stem cell therapy requires only a few hours.

In conclusion, one of the most promising treatments for numerous types of injuries and diseases is stem cell therapy. The most common way that stem cells are currently used is via harvesting of adult stem cells from the patient’s own bone marrow and fat tissue, and injecting them at the site of damage or intravenously. The main function of these cells is to repair any damaged cells.

In terms of effectiveness of stem cell therapy, bone marrow stem cells and adipose-derived stem cells are very similar, but we can find differences in terms of extraction, cell preparation, deployment and recovery.

Stem Cells Transplant Institute in Costa Rica is a pioneer in stem cells treatment and we´ll be more than happy to answer all the questions you have about this new medical trend. We offer high quality services in one of the most beautiful places in the world.